What is Cold Room: You Need to Know Everything
Refrigeration is an essential component of any commercial kitchen to ensure food safety. A cold room is an excellent addition to or replacement for your refrigeration equipment, with the ability to store large amounts of food and ingredients while remaining energy efficient.
There are a few key considerations and information you should know before making your purchase to ensure your cold room is suitable for your business.
What is a cold room?
A cold room is an insulated, refrigerated space that is designed to keep a constant temperature. They are used to storing food in professional kitchens because they can hold a large amount of stock and can range in size from a small walk-in room to a larger warehouse.
Cold Rooms: How Do They Work?
Cold rooms operate in the same way that any other refrigeration equipment does. To keep the temperature stable, they use a compressor, condenser, fans, and an evaporator. Before expanding and absorbing energy and passing over the evaporator coils, a gas refrigerant is compressed. Under high pressure, it liquefies, cooling the coils and the surrounding air.
What is the Temperature Range of Cold Rooms?
The temperature in most cold rooms ranges between -2°C and 10°C. The precise temperature will be determined by what is stored inside. If a colder solution is required, a cold room can be configured as a freezer, providing ultra-cold storage between -50°C and -80°C.
What is The Point of Using a Cold Room?
Cold rooms are ideal for providing precise temperature control for your food supplies when consistent and powerful refrigeration and freezing are required.
They have many advantages over traditional fridges and freezers, especially if you have a large stock.
Cold rooms have a large amount of storage space, and because of their size, they can be much less expensive to run than smaller pieces of refrigeration equipment. It will no longer be necessary to purchase and maintain multiple refrigeration units.
Food is stored on racks, which makes it easier to organize and find items than other types of storage. They also make restocking much easier.
Most models will include security features to protect against damage and theft.
You can install your cold room indoors or outdoors, freeing up more space in your kitchen for cooking and prep equipment. This is ideal for sites with smaller kitchens, but it will require a weatherproof roof if used outside.
Cold rooms are easily accessible and simple to use, making them ideal for restocking and grabbing ingredients.
Cold storage is intended to reduce temperature fluctuations, requiring less energy to adjust the temperature while in use.
Some Features of Cold Rooms
Extra features that can be added to cold rooms to improve day-to-day operations and performance include:
- Most will have an automatic defrost system that actively melts ice.
- All modern cold rooms will have an emergency exit in the form of an internal door opener. Some may also contain a panic button.
- Interior lights, whether automatic or manual, are usually standard.
- A ramp can be added if you load stock with trolleys. This also reduces the trip hazard caused by the raised door frame.
- Self-closing doors are sometimes used to help cut operating costs.
Considerations for Cold Rooms
There are a few key factors to consider before purchasing a cold room:
- Your cold room can be used as either a walk-in fridge or a walk-in freezer, and some models can do both. You must decide what you require for your company.
- Your inventory will be stored on shelving (also known as racking), ensuring that ingredients are easily accessible and storage space is maximized. Because you can usually configure this however you want, the shelving is frequently sold separately. Food acids, moisture, and general use can cause shelving to rust or break in a cold room due to the harsh environment. It is critical that you select a PVC or anodized aluminum option that is resistant and strong.
- You should think about ventilation because cold rooms require a lot of it around the unit so that heat can be transferred to the outside. If your cold room will be installed indoors, you should think about what else is in the room and how it might affect performance. It should not be placed in a confined space because it may not have enough ventilation to maintain the proper temperature.
- You’ll need to know what the temperature is like around the walk-in. The highest ambient temperature is the highest temperature at which the cold room can operate without affecting the internal temperature. Most cold rooms operate at temperatures up to 32°C, but more powerful options are available if you require a higher ambient temperature.
Cold storage is an essential component of laboratory design. However, it must not be overly complicated. More than the individual components, everything put together correctly will result in the dependable cold storage system that you require. If you require Commercial refrigerations, and cold rooms you can consider.